Jay T. Stock jts  
Telephone: +44 (0)1223 335 463
E-mail: jts34@cam.ac.uk
 
Positions
Reader in Human Evolution and Adaptability
Fellow of Downing College, Graduate Tutor
International Scientific Committee for the Fondation Fyssen, Paris
   
Links  
ADaPt Project
Cambridge Biotomography Centre
FRAGSUS
 
Research Interests

My research primarily concerns understanding the mechanisms which drive the biological diversification of our species. I have particular interest in differentiating neutral variation from 'adaptive' variation, and the relationship between natural selection and the origins of human plasticity. I work primarily as a human bioarchaeologist, but also conduct research on living humans. Research in both fields aims understand the evolution of human phenotypic variation, to identify the mechanisms underlying human adaptabiliy in response to colonisation events, and to understand the impact of these mechanisms on skeletal biology and the fossil record.

Keywords: skeletal biology, phenotypic plasticity, the evolution of human variation, human growth and development, evolutionary ecology, skeletal robusticity, biomechanics and behaviour, functional morphology and locomotion, morphological integration, body size and allometry, bioarchaeology, hunter-gatherer behavioural ecology, the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, coastal hunter-gatherer adaptations, the origins of agriculture and sedentary societies

Regional: sub-saharan Africa, south Asia, Siberia, the Levant, Europe, the Andaman Islands.
   
Selected Publications
HBTA Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. (2011) Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 504p.  
   
2015  
Gallego Llorente, M., Jones, E., Eriksson, A., Siska, V., Arthur, K.W., Arthur, J.W., Curtis, M. C., Stock, J.T., Coltorti, M., Pieruccini, P., Stretton, S., Brock, F., Higham, T., Park, Y., Hofreiter, M., Bradley, D.G., Bhak, J., Pinhasi, R., Manica, A. (2015) Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent. Science 350(6257): 10.1126/science.aad2879 pdf
Stock, J.T., Macintosh, A.A., (2015: in press) Lower limb biomechanics and habitual mobility among mid-Holocene populations of the Cis-Baikal. Quaternary International. pdf
Longman, D., Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2015) Can Persistence Hunting Signal Male Quality? A Test Considering Digit Ratio in Endurance Athletes. PLoS One 10(4): e0121560. pdf
Will, M., Stock, J.T. (2015: early view) Spatial and temporal variation of body size among early Homo. Journal of Human Evolution. 82:15-33. pdf
Macintosh, A.A., Davies, T.G., Pinhasi, R., Stock, J.T. (2015) Declining tibial curvature parallels ~6150 years of decreasing mobility in Central European agriculturalists. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. pdf
Pomeroy E., Cole T.J.,O’Callaghan, M., Wells, J.C.K.; Stock J.T. (2015) Relationships of maternal and paternal anthropometry with neonatal body size, proportions and adiposity in an Australian cohort. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 156:625-636. pdf
   
2014  
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT (2014) Divergence in Male and Female Manipulative Behaviors with the Intensification of Metallurgy in Central Europe. PLoS ONE 9(11): e112116. pdf
Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Cole T.J., O’Callaghan, M., Wells, J.C.K. (2014) Relationships between neonatal weight, limb lengths, skinfold thicknesses, body breadths and circumferences in an Australian cohort. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105108. pdf
Davies, T.G., Stock, J.T. (2014). The influence of relative body breadth on the diaphyseal morphology of the human lower limb. American Journal of Human Biology 26(6):822.35. pdf
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT. (2014) Lower limb skeletal biomechanics track long-term decline in mobility across ~6150 years of agriculture in Central Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science. 52:376-390. pdf
Davies, T.G. & Stock, J.T. (2014) Human variation in the periosteal geometry of the lower limb: Signatures of behaviour among hunter-gatherers. In: Carlson, K.J. & Marchi, D. eds. Reconstructing Mobility: Environmental, Behavioral, and Morphological Determinants. Springer. pp. 67-90. pdf
Maher, L., Macdonald, D., Aleksa, A., Stock, J.T., Banning, E.B. (2014) Two Early Epipalaeolithic Sites in Wadi Taiyiba, Northern Jordan, Paléorient 40.1:73-97. pdf
Davies, T.G., Pomeroy, E., Shaw, C.N., & Stock, J.T. (2014) Mobility and the skeleton: A biomechanical view. In: Leary, J. (ed.) Past mobilities: Archaeological approaches to movement and mobility. Ashgate.  
Longman, D., Hutchinson, J.C., Stock, J.T., Wells, J.C.K. (2014) Attentional strategies during Rowing. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 2014, 10:321-331. pdf
Pomeroy E., Stanojevic S., Stock J.T., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J., Wells, J.C.K. (2014) Stunting, obesity and the individual-level ‘dual burden’ among urban lowland and rural highland Peruvian children. American Journal of Human Biology. 26(4):481-490. pdf
Pomeroy E., Wells, J.C.K., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J., Stock J.T. (2014) Birth month associations with height, head circumference and limb lengths among Peruvian children. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 154(1):115-124. pdf
   
2013  
Stock, J.T. (2013) The skeletal phenotype of 'Negritos' from the Andaman Islands and Philippines relative to global variation among hunter-gatherers. Human Biology 85(1):67–94. pdf
von Cramon-Taubadel, N., Stock, J.T., Pinhasi, R. (2013) Skull and limb morphology differentially track population history and environmental factors in the transition to agriculture in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. vol. 280 no. 1767 pdf
Pomeroy E., Stanojevic S., Stock J.T., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J., Wells, J.C.K. (2013) Associations between arterial oxygen saturation, body size and limb measurements among high-altitude Andean children. American Journal of Human Biology. 25:629-636. pdf
Richter, T., Maher, L., Edinborough, K., Jones, M., Garrard, A., Stock, J.T. (2013) Epipalaeolithic Settlement Dynamics in southwest Asia: New Radiocarbon Evidence from the Azraq Basin. Journal of Quaternary Science. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2629 pdf
Stock, J.T., Shirley, M.K., Sarringhaus, L.A., Davies, T.G., Shaw, C.N. (2013) Skeletal evidence for variable patterns of handedness in chimpanzees, human hunter-gatherers, and recent British populations. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1288:86-99. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12067 pdf
Gómez-Olivencia, A., Been, E., Arsuaga, J.L., Stock, J.T. (2013) The Neandertal vertebral column. 1- The cervical spine. Journal of Human Evolution 64(6):608-30. pdf
Shaw, C.N., Stock, J.T. (2013) Extreme mobility in the Late Pleistocene? Comparing limb biomechanics among fossil Homo, varsity athletes and Holocene foragers. Journal of Human Evolution 64(4):242-249. pdf
Macintosh, A.A., Davies, T., Ryan, T.M., Shaw, C.N., Stock, J.T. (2013) Periosteal vs. true cross-sectional geometry: A comparison along humeral, femoral, and tibial diaphyses. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150(3)442-452. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22218 pdf
   
2012  
Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells, JCK (2012) Trade-Offs in Relative Limb Length among Peruvian Children: Extending the Thrifty Phenotype Hypothesis to Limb Proportions. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51795. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., DeSilva, J.M., Stock, J.T. (2012) The Obstetric Dilemma: An Ancient Game of Russian Roulette, or a Variable Dilemma Sensitive to Ecology? Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. 55:40-71. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2012) The biology of human migration: the ape that won’t commit?. In. Causes and Consequences of Human Migration: An Evolutionary Perspective. Crawford, M.H., Campbell, B. eds. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21-44.  
Davies, TG, Shaw CN, Stock JT (2012). A test of a new method and software for the rapid estimation of cross-sectional geometric properties of long bone diaphyses from 3D laser surface scans. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-012-0101-8 pdf
Shaw, C.N., Hofmann, C.L., Petraglia, M.D., Stock, J.T., Gottschall, J.S. (2012) Neandertal humeri may reflect adaptation to scraping tasks, but not spear thrusting. PLoS One 7(7): e40349.

pdf

Stock, J.T. (2012) Human Evolution after the Origin of our Species: Bridging the gap between Palaeoanthropology and Bioarchaeology. Eds. P Mitchell and J Buckberry Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO). Oxford: Archaeopress. pp. 3-15  
Maher, L., Richter, T., Stock, J.T. (2012) The Pre-Natufian Epipalaeolithic: Long-Term Behavioral Trends in the Levant. Evolutionary Anthropology. 21:69-81,

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Diaz, A., O’Connell, T., Maher, L.M., and Stock, J.T. (2012) Subsistence and mobility strategies in the Epipalaeolithic: A stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains at ‘Uyun al-Hammam, northern Jordan. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(7):1984-1992.

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Maher LA, Richter T, Macdonald D, Jones MD, Martin L, Stock, J.(2012) Twenty Thousand-Year-Old Huts at a Hunter-Gatherer Settlement in Eastern Jordan. PLoS ONE 7(2): e31447. pdf
Pomeroy, E., and Stock, J.T. (2012) Estimation of stature and body mass from the skeleton among coastal and mid-altitude andean populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147:264-279. pdf
   
2011  
Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2011) Re-examining heritability: genetics, life history and plasticity. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism 22(10):421-428.

pdf

Longman, D., Stock, J.T., and Wells, J.C.K. (2011) Fluctuating asymmetry as a predictor for rowing ergometer performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine 32:606-610. pdf
Stock, J.T., Pinhasi, R. (2011) Changing paradigms in our understanding of the transition to agriculture: Human bioarchaeology, behaviour and adaptation . In Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture.  Wiley-Blackwell., p. 1-15. pdf
Stock, J.T. O’Neill, M., Ruff, C.B., Zabecki, M., Shackelford, L., Rose, J. (2011) Body size, skeletal biomechanics, mobility and habitual activity from the Late Palaeolithic to mid-Dynastic Nile Valley. In Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 347-370.

pdf

Lieverse, A., Stock, J.T., Katzenberg, M.A., Haverkort, C. (2011) Bioarchaeology of habitual activity and dietary change in the Siberian mid-Holocene. In Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 265-292. pdf
Pinhasi, R., Stefanovic, S., Papathanasiou, A., & Stock, J.T. (2011) Variability in long bone growth patterns and limb proportions within and among Mesolithic and Neolithic populations from southeast Europe. In: Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 177-202.  
Longman, D., Stock, J.T., and Wells, J.C.K. (2011) Digit ratio (2D:4D) and rowing ergometer performance in males and females. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144(3):337-341. pdf
Shaw, C.N. & Stock, J.T. (2011) The Influence of Body Proportions on Femoral and Tibial Midshaft Shape in Hunter-Gatherers, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144(1):22-29.  
Maher, L.A., Stock, J.T., Finney, S., Heywood, J., Miracle, P., and Banning, E.B. (2011) A Unique Human-Fox Burial from a Pre-Natufian Cemetery in the Levant (Jordan). PLoS One. January 2011: Volume 6(Issue 1)e15815.
pdf
   
2010 and earlier  
Richter, T., Stock, J.T., Maher, L., Hebron, C. (2010) An Early Epipalaeolithic Sitting Burial from the Azraq Oasis, Jordan. Antiquity 84(324):321-334. pdf
Bondioli, L., Bayle, P., Dean, C., Mazurier, A., Puymerail, L., Ruff, C., Stock, J.T., Volpato, V., Zanolli, C., Macchiarelli, R. (2010) Morphometric maps of long bone shafts and dental roots for imaging topographic thickness variation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 142:328-334. pdf
Buck, L., Stock, J.T., and Foley, R.A. (2010) Intraspecific variation in the Catarrhine postcranial skeleton. International Journal of Primatology 31:779-795.

pdf

Stock, J.T., and Buck, L. (2010) Canalization and plasticity in humans and primates: implications for interpreting the fossil record. In: Perote Alejandre, A., & Mateos Cachorro, A. eds. 150 años después de Darwin: evolución, future o crisis? Lecciones sobre evolución humana. Instituto Tomás Pascual Sanz / Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana: Madrid: 91-101. pdf
Shaw, C.N., Stock, J.T. (2009a) Intensity, Repetitiveness, and Directionality of Habitual Adolescent Mobility Patterns Influence the Tibial Diaphysis Morphology in Athletes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140:149-159. pdf
Stock, J.T., Migliano, A.B. (2009) Stature, Mortality, and Life History among Indigenous Populations of the Andaman Islands, 1871–1986. Current Anthropology 50(5):713-725. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2007) The biology of the colonizing ape. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. 50:191-222. pdf
Starling, A., Stock, J.T. (2007) Dental indicators of heath and stress in early Egyptian and Nubian agriculturalists: Difficult transition and gradual recovery. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 134(4):520-528. pdf
Stock, J.T., Shaw, C.N. (2007) Which measures of skeletal robusticity are robust?: A comparison of external methods of quantifying diaphyseal strength to cross-sectional geometric properties. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 134(3):412-423. pdf
Stock, J.T. (2006) Hunter-gatherer postcranial robusticity relative to patterns of mobility, climatic adaptation and selection for tissue economy. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 131(2):194-204. pdf
Stock, J.T., Pfeiffer, S., Chazan, M., and Janetski, J. (2005) The F-81 skeleton from Wadi Mataha, Jordan, and its bearing on human variability in the Epipaleolithic of the Levant. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 128(2):453-465. pdf
Stock, J.T. and Pfeiffer, S. (2004) Long bone robusticity and subsistence behaviour among Later Stone Age foragers of the forest and fynbos biomes of South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science, 31(7):999-1013. pdf
Stock, J.T. and Pfeiffer, S. (2001) Linking structural variability in long bone diaphyses to habitual behavior: Foragers from the southern African Later Stone Age and the Andaman Islands. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 115:337-34. pdf
 
Complete list of publications  
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